Jacob-Farj-Rafael “JFR” Jacob (born 1923) is a BAGDHADI JEW  and a retired Indian Army Lieutenant General.Jacob was born in Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Presidency, British India, in 1923. His family were  originally from Iraq who settled in Kolkata in the middle of the 18th century. They were “a deeply religious Jewish family.

The Times of Israel  in an article dated August 7 2012 calls him A Jewish war hero , and the last vestige of a dying Indian community Acc to it Lt. Gen. Jack Jacob, likely saved hundreds of thousands of lives while serving as chief of staff of the Indian Eastern command during the 1971 Bangladesh war. Aimee Ginsberg The same Jewish journalist who wrote for Times of Israel also wrote another puff piece for old Jacob in an Indian Magazine OPEN called “The Sum of Many Parts ”  where she unblushingly says that “Lt Gen Jack Farj Rafael Jacob is best known for almost single handedly ending the 1971 Indo- Pakistan war” Ginsberg goes on to write that this aggressive officer’s famous act of bravery in the 1971 war has been analyzed in textbooks around the world.Uncountable multitudes were saved by this surrender, by the cessation of the civil war and its atrocities.

He is a supporter of improved India-Israel relations.In the mid 1990s he joined the BJP and was appointed Governor of Goa by the BJP  . Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Israel, Jacob has paid many visits to Israel.

His home in New Delhi has for years been a pilgrimage site for Israeli diplomats, researchers, and security officers . In the run-up to 2004 election he postulated a win for Indian National Congress and correctly guessed it wouldn’t change things for Indo Israel ties It wont bebig surprise if  Gen Jacob was  a Sayanim like Sarco the Sayan (former French President Sarkozy)

Surprisingly for an Indian Military Man he never married ……and no one has speculated on his sexuality  so lets assume he’s a straight lying General

“I have found that the Indian military hierarchy is more interested in compliant malleability than in an aggressive outlook,’  writes Gen Jacob in his memoir ‘They think aggressive means quarrelsome… This attitude is still true today.’  Wonder what the Indian Army thinks about that

The 1971 Bangladesh war was fought under the command of Field Marshal Sam Makenshaw a well respected Millitary Commander and the first Indian to be given the rank of a Field Marshall. The Eastern Command  was lead by Gen the late Lt. Gen. Lt. General J.S. Arora  . In 1969, Gen Jacob was appointed Chief of Staff, Eastern Command , by General (later Field Marshal) Sam Manekshaw. Jacob’s immediate superior in 1971 was Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Eastern Command.

Lt Gen Jacob recounts some shocking conversations with Manekshaw, unverifiable since the latter is dead. When Manekshaw was named army chief, he appointed Jacob the Chief of Staff (second-in-command) of the crucial eastern command. Jacob alleges that Manekshaw told him in a phone call that “he had very little confidence in [Aurora]”. When Jacob asked Manekshaw why, then, was he appointing Aurora to such a key position, the future field marshal allegedly replied, “I(Manekshaw) like to have him(Arora) as a doormat.” Readers familiar with military custom and tradition would find this hard to swallow Source History according to Jake

Under the command of Lt. General J.S. Arora, the three Corps of the Indian Army, which had invaded East Pakistan, entered Dhaka and forced Pakistani forces to surrender on 16 December 1971 , one day after the conclusion of the battle of Basantar. After Pakistan’s Lt General A A K Niazi signed the Instrument of Surrender, India took more than 90,000 Pakistani prisoners of war. At the time of the signing of the Instrument of Surrender, 11,000 Pakistani soldiers were killed-in-action while India suffered only 3,500 battle-related deaths.

For 26 years Farj(i) (Fictitious) Jacob kept his views on the Bangladesh War to himself Then in 1997 (after having joined the BJP ) he did write a book called Surrender at Dacca : Birth of a Nation



Since I haven’t read Farj(i)s 1997 Magnum Opus (and don’t intend wasting money on it ) I’ll simply reproduce the review on these  books by Ajai Shukla a respected retired  Officer of the Indian Army and a Military commentator who often appears in TV interviews as a Military Strategist
The innocent reader should have been warned in 1997, when General Jacob published “Surrender at Dacca: Birth of a Nation”, an implausible chronicle of the Bangladesh campaign of 1971 that essentially argued that the official history was cockamamie. Jacob unblushingly claimed that he had masterminded that campaign; while his boss, and his boss’ boss— eastern army commander (Lt Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora) and the army chief (General, later Field Marshal, Sam Manekshaw) — were incompetent figureheads who garnered the credit.


Now, Jacob has come out with a wider-ranging paean of self-adoration. In chapter after unrelenting chapter, Jake (as the author styles himself) recounts his army career. Moving with Jake from one posting to the next, the yawning reader quickly discerns a pattern: each boss is an incompetent wastrel with only one thing going for him: Jake’s arrival onto the team. Predictably Jake quickly sizes up the situation, bulldozes his plan through his dim-witted superiors, and pulls off a rescue act for which posterity should be grateful.

For those looking for slander, Jacob obliges at every page-turn . One boss, Major General Reggie Noronha , is described as a “coward” who “loved his liquor and insisted that [Jacob’s] officers and their wives should attend the numerous parties” at his mess. Another one of Jacob’s commanders in Ladakh was “suffering from gout and did not move out of his headquarters”, leaving Jake to run affairs. The southern army commander, Lt Gen LP Sen was “a pucca brown sahib [who was] more interested in attending the races in Bombay and Pune than in attending office or visiting combat units and formations”. And Jacob’s commander in 1971, Lt Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora, is ridiculed as an ineffectual wimp who planned the travel of his wife to the surrender ceremony in Dacca in 1971, even as Jacob bulldozed the Pakistani commander into surrendering with 93,000 soldiers!

In 2007 with Aurora dead and Manekshaw dying Jacob came in again and gave a startling interview to Karan Thapar who happens to be the son of former Chief of the Army Staff General Pran Nath Thapar Gen P N Thapar was the General most often identified with the 1962 Chinese debacle and was generally seen as a toady and  Krishna Menon favourite . Karan Thapar for some reason seems to have a need to put a dying Manekshaw down and Jacob seems to enjoy himself enormously helping Thapar go about his job Thapar’s desire to put Manekshaw down was perhaps because of Army politics which pitted Thapar’s mediocre father groomed by K V Menon  against Manekshaw and others

Among the more colorful lies dished out by Jacob were the following

1) He Jacob and not Manekshaw CoC Indian Army and Gen Aurora Operational  Commander Eastern Command  carried out the operational plans for the liberation of Bangladesh ……..more kosher drivel as Gen Thapliyal explains (see below)

2) He saved Gen Manekshaw from a  conviction for “anti national ” activities in Court of Inquiry set up by Gen Kaul (who dislike Manekshaw ) by simply not testifying ….again utter nonsense as Courts of Inquiry simply dont function based on testimony of a single Officer

3) The Bangladesh operations was postponed from April to December 2071 because Jacob refused to follow Manekshaws orders In his words Well, put [it] this way, he did ring me three times in early April to move to Bangladesh. I refused, I gave him reasons……… Remember Manekshaw was the CoC Indian Army and Jacob was Chief of Staff Eastern Command TWO ranks below Manekshaw …..Crap again as Manekshaw would be discussing operational matters with Lt Gen Aurora (Jacobs boss)  not Jacob If Jacob was not following orders all Manekshaw had to do was simply transfer Jacob

4) Manekshaw’s Bangladesh plans didnt include the capture of Dacca He wanted to just capture Chitagong and Khulna It was Jacob who planned the capture of Dacca Again utter BS as no Army overrides the plans of its CoC to follow a Chief Of Staffs plans

5) Jacob on his own with the help of Gen Gill (DMO) transferred three Divisions placed on the Chinese border and redirected them to Dacca —Again in the words of the glorified poppinjay Jacob —–He (Manekshaw)  was furious. And you see… I told… Gill who was the DMO… it was done between us… and [he] agreed with me to take Dhaka. Manekshaw was not informed of the move of these brigades and he was absolutely furious with Gill. He told him that he would… and that the brigades would move back at once.

Maj Gen Sheru Thapliyal

In a biting response to it Maj Gen Sheru Thapliyal came up with the following REPLY /REBUTTAL TO THE JACOB DRIVEL

The other day in his interview with Karan Thapar, it came out loud and clear that THE GENERAL SEEMS TO HAVE LOST TOUCH WITH REALITY. He wants everyone to believe that the Indian Army’s campaign in erstwhile East Pakistan was a one-man show – that is was Jake’s show all the way and credit has been wrongly apportioned to Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw and the late Lt. Gen. Jaggi Aurora.  –

In order to be objective about Jacob’s role in the 1971 operations, it may be necessary to go back in history to know how the institution of the Chief of Staff came about. -It was Field Marshal Montogomery who evolved the Chief of Staff system when he was commanding the Eight Army in the North African desert (in World War II). He realized that he was spending far too much time on issues of little consequence and too little on operational matters. His brief was to coordinate the functioning of all senior staff officers and deal with matters of detail so that the army commander was left free to concentrate on operational matters.Most armies adopted this system, India included.

In India the chief of staff at a command HQ coordinates the functioning of Nav Ratnas as the nine major generals , who are senior staff officers, are known. The operations branch dealing directly with the army commander handles operational matters. No army commander worth his salt will allow his chief of staff to corner the operational market, which is his command function. –

That is why it is difficult to believe that Jacob carried out all of Eastern Command’s operational planning for the liberation of Bangladesh and excluded Jaggi Aurora from the process – as he would have us believe. Even when relations between Aurora and Manekshaw were not the most cordial, Aurora is unlikely to have abdicated his command functions. That Jacob carried out superbly the coordination within HQ Eastern Command and with lower formations is undeniable. –

Similarly, Jake’s claim that between him and Gill, they moved three divisions from the Chinese border into Bangladesh without Manekshaw’s permission is too far fetched an assertion . No forces can be moved without express approval of the army chief. So the question of keeping him in dark simply does not arise. During the planning stage, a decision must have been taken on the formations that needed to be moved after detailed war-gaming. Moving divisions is not like moving sections and platoons. –

Jacob’s assertion that Sam wanted the army to move into Bangladesh in April 1971 itself is not borne out by facts as the sequence of events is well documented. Sam may well have sought his advice, but what is puzzling is as to why would he bypass Aurora in operational matters completely and deal only with Jacob. The Indian Army does not function this way either then or now.


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  1. Cj aka Elderofzyklons Blog says:

    Reblogged this on ElderofZyklon's Blog!.

  2. Sanjay says:

    what is this terminology; ” a retired serving officer of the Indian army” about Ajay Shukla. And by the way, all this trash by the author takes away the gleam of an illustrious career. He’s badly mistaken.

  3. After reading a 10000 word plus article thats all you have? A (corrected) Typo?

    The real trash are the lies by the pompous pedantic liar Gen JFR Jacob ,the defamation of his colleagues and the naivete of the Indian Press in taking everything crazy old Jacob says as true

    Thats the real trash As for a illustrious career hes just a shameless self promoting weasel who loves putting down his colleagues Now Id call such people trash

  4. brig d k khullar says:

    That JFR was extraordinarily brilliant and an eccentric who dedicated his whole self to the Army cannot be denied. To the top Indian military leaders in the 1971 War (Maneckshaw and Arora) has inevitably gone the credit as surely the ignominy would have if Indian Army had done badly. JFR was Sam’s much junior but we must understand that they had a personal and professional relationship that was unique. JFR was known to be brilliant, outspoken and got away with the liberties he took because he had no personal axe to grind and his seniors valued him as a great asset. I for one do believe that it was on his vociferous advice that the Operations were postponed to the winter and that the Operational plans were prepared by him and accepted by his seniors but the responsibility was finally that of the latter for whom Dacca was not the objective. There is absolutely no doubt that it was all a great team effort but JFR even though he was only a COS had a major hand in the success that came about and the master act came about when he manipulated the surrender by flummoxing Niazi &co. Was there any one else capable of doing it? None to my mind. I think the controversy has arisen because Maneckshaw did not give the credit that was due to JFR and the Indian military history has been the loser. That Maneckshaw was a fantastic Chief can never be denied but that the much senior maverick naturally got the credit and Arora incidentally in the bargain is the point that needs to be made.

    The authors above have averred to JFR’s book coming out in 1997 but the fact that both Maneckshaw and Arora were in fine shape and chose not to comment must not be lost sight of. Similarly one must not forget that all of Sam’s smart ass jokes and anecdotes concerning his association with Indira Gandhi only emerged post 1984 when she was no more.

  5. Thanks for the comment Brig Khullar Its great to know by blog is being read by Padma Shris.However we will unfortunately have to agree to disagree on Gen Jacob

    Having neither read his 19197 book nor knowing any ranking Serviceman who served during the 1971 war i have gone almost entirely on the work of retired army officer and military commentator Ajai Shukla
    and Retd Maj Gen Sheru Thapliyal who effectlively termed Jacob a Madman out of touch with reality

    You have not refuted what either have said nor attributed any possible bias to either Shukla or Gen Thapliyal

    To dismiss his actions as those of a maverick and eccentric doesnt seem to be backed by the writing in his book

    Here is Ajai Shukla’s review of his book .For those looking for slander, Jacob obliges at every page-turn. One boss, Major General Reggie Noronha, is described as a “coward” who “loved his liquor and insisted that [Jacob’s] officers and their wives should attend the numerous parties” at his mess. Another one of Jacob’s commanders in Ladakh was “suffering from gout and did not move out of his headquarters”, leaving Jake to run affairs. The southern army commander, Lt Gen LP Sen was “a pucca brown sahib [who was] more interested in attending the races in Bombay and Pune than in attending office or visiting combat units and formations”. And Jacob’s commander in 1971, Lt Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora, is ridiculed as an ineffectual wimp who planned the travel of his wife to the surrender ceremony in Dacca in 1971, even as Jacob bulldozed the Pakistani commander into surrendering with 93,000 soldiers!

    As you may have noticed its not just Field Marshal Mackenshaw or Gen Arora who are his targets

    He seems hell bent on “utterly destroying” the reputations of his colleagues and seniors (To understand the significance of “utterly destroy” google “utterly destroy” and “torah” ) Its a PATTERN of defamation and slander knowing fully well that there was no way such allegations could have been completely refuted

    As mentioned in a previous reply the most polite term to use for such a person is to simply pass him off as a pompous pretentious pedant The not so polite terms are unprintable

  6. Col Dilbag Singh, Retd says:

    Our feats in air or in water are of NO worth;
    if we haven’t so far learnt to live on earth.
    All battles do culminate in ending a war;
    A war generating battles is ‘curse’ not ‘mirth’.

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