In 1095 Pope Urban called on all Christians to enter upon the road to the holy sepulcher and rid it of the wicked race Deus Vult (God wills it) became a rallying cry
By 1097 a hundred and fifty thousand strong group of Christians lead by a small minority Norman and Frankish knights and otherwise made up of untrained rabble was in Constantinople and the Crusades had begun
Prominent French, Scottish and English knights, as well as several of their princes
and kings, fought in the Crusades and established fiefdoms throughout the lands we
think of as the Levant, or Middle East, stretching from Sicily, Tripoli and Malta to Cypress,Rhodes, Antioch, Tyre and Macedonia.
Called Outremer (“Beyond the Sea”), the Norman-French-Scottish domain was ruled by free-standing noblemen and controlled militarily by distinctive “Christian” fighting forces that included the Knights of the Temple of Solomon, or Templars, and the Knights of the Hospital of St. John, or Hospitalers.
Charles G. Addison of London, in his book titled History of the Knights Templar wrote The Knights Templar were formed around the year 1100 by “nine noble knights” who had committed themselves to protecting pilgrims on the way to Jerusalem.
St. Bernard of Clairvaux, one of the most powerful Christian clerics of the time, promoted Templar interests with his preaching and writing and swelled the number of knights serving in the order (Selwood, Dominic (1999). Knights of the Cloister.).
It should not be imagined that armored warriors, largely illiterate, spent their odd hours decoding messages or in the counting house maintaining ledgers …. In the Order of the Temple, they were the officer class, and they had as their principal training and occupation direct participation on the battlefield; the army of administrators, native troops, and employees behind them outnumbered them by as much as fifty to one [emphasis added]…. The Templar clerics were the literate faction, and far more likely to be assigned duties of a managerial or accounting nature, including the drafting of letters in code. Other administrators, supervisors,and scribes were simply employees, and in later years a number were Arabic-speaking [Robinson 1989, pp. 77-78].
Men from several Scottish (and English and French) Jewish families enlisted in the ranks of the Knights Templar, including Bruces, Douglases and Sinclairs. Countless others were involved in the administration of the Templar wealth.Source When Scotland was Jewish
Although both these military orders began as Christian-soldiered militias, they soon
evolved into enormous, profit-making enterprises that owned vast tracts of land, castles, priories, burgs, mills and manufactories, banks, and shipping lanes throughout Europe and the Middle East (Selwood, Dominic (1999). Knights of the Cloister.).
The persons who managed the vast wealth from this trading empire were not themselves knights, but rather seneschals (retainers), and though the individual knights themselves may have taken Christian vows of chastity or poverty, no such requirements were placed upon the majority of those associated with the order — its estate managers, clerical employees and administrators
By 1170, however, the Muslims under Salah-ed-deen (Saladin)
with 40,000 soldiers had retaken the Holy Land. Pope Alexander in 1171 issued a bull granting the Templars exemption from prosecution in any religious or civil court of law in return for their support in winning back Jerusalem. The order was now not only fantastically wealthy, but free of any external control over its activities. The only law members were bound by was that of the Master Templar. By this time also, a large part of the Templar force was composed of horsemen called Turcopoles, of Turkish, Syrian and Palestinian descent. These were mercenaries who followed a Middle Eastern lifestyle;they were not Christian, but Moslem or Jewish
By this time the resources of the order had become phenomenal. Knights Templar were an enormous, extraordinarily rich and very powerful organization.In essence, they were the first multinational corporation — one over which no court or tribunal had jurisdiction.
By 1250, the Templars had become a largely secret and closed society. Their initiation rites were hidden from view, as were their operations and internal rules (Read 1999).The majority of persons associated with the order were now estate managers, laborers and international traders and bankers. Even criminals were permitted to join, if they brought some skill or resource of value. In addition, the order had become the primary banking enterprise in the European world. Kings and nobles borrowed money from the Temple treasury; the order also offered financial investments, as well as annuities and pensions (Read 1999, p. 183).
Remarkably, also by 1250, the Templars had altered their religious creed. Though
established initially as Christian soldiers, they now read from the Book of Judges in the Hebrew Bible, or Torah, and had formed a new identity binding themselves to the ancient Israelites (Read, p. 216).
By 1290, the Europeans had lost the Holy Land to the Muslims, never to be
regained. And at this point, many of the remaining European inhabitants, exhausted by the corruption of Christianity, converted to Islam (Read, p. 248). (Which probably explains the looks of Palestinian activist Ahed Tamimi)
In October 1307 c.E., King Philip of France, who had expelled the kingdom’s Jews
the year before in order to confiscate their possessions, turned his attention to the French Templars. In collaboration with the Pope, he ordered all French Templars arrested, tried for heresy, and executed; he then promptly appropriated their immense wealth and holdings in France.
Some of the members of the French Temple became aware of Philip’s plan
and escaped with a large portion of their treasure (Read 1999). The French Templar treasure, loaded upon 18 galleys, made its way to Scotland, reportedly to the Isle of Mull. From here, the Templars and their treasure took refuge with the(crypto Jewish) St. Clair family at Rosslyn Castle. Nearby Rosslyn Chapel, built in the 1400s
From 1100 to 1300 ie for nearly 200 years mostly illiterate Christian gentile knights who had taken vows of poverty accumulated massive wealth
This wealth was “administered” by Jewish and crypto Jewish administrators
When the Templar’s were disbanded this massive wealth effectively went into the hands of the “administrators”
This massive amount of wealth was then used as seed capital for further ventures